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Blog Reflection 7: Formative and Summative Measurement

Posted by on December 7, 2013

Educators give assessments to students to both evaluate and prepare students for following subject material. There are two types of general uses for assessments. Formative assessments are also known as pretests, which allow educators to determine what the students know and understand to guide them in instruction. A summative assessment is considered to be the final test or a summary of instruction. Summative assessments are used for testing student knowledge of the learned subject material taught throughout the course. Both summative and formative assessments can be any kind of assessment such as, traditional, performance based, project, oral, and/or portfolio (Woolfolk, 2013, p.549). How these assessments are used and interpreted determine what type of assessment category it falls under.

I found this blog to relate to a meeting I recently attended regarding the way that Stafford County is weighting student performance according to specific departments. The meeting was to specifically target the areas that needed improvement to ensure that every student is receiving a fair grade distribution. Educators were experiencing different departments weighting their assignments differently. The outcome of the meeting decided that every subject should follow the following grade distribution.

  • Summative Tests: 40%
  • Formative Quizzes: 40%
  • Homework/Classroom Assignments: 20%

This type of distribution allows educators to use multiple formative assessments to assess student performance and prior knowledge. Students benefit from different types of assessments to boost their grades. I found this meeting interesting because of its relevance to this assignment and how students and educators are faced with different types of assessments.


Woolfolk, A.E. (2013). Educational psychology (12th Ed). Pearson Education

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